Water and Sanitation Hygiene (WASH) Project.

Project Focus:

  • To ensure that disaster affected populations have adequate access to clean water, sanitation facilities and knowledge of best hygienic practices to reduce the risk of waterborne diseases.
  • Provision of WASH services to cater the immediate lifesaving needs of IDPs of NWA.


Pakistan Army’s mission Zarb-e-Azab has displaced millions of people from North Waziristan Agency to different districts of KPK province. In this regard Bannu is the most affected district by TDPs in KPK. So Friends Foundation (FF) with local partner organization Community Development Programme (CDP) decided to work on WASH in the most TDPs affected Union Councils of Bannu. Friends Foundation and CDP made a need assessment in the area and found that Union Council Ghoriwla and Kala Khel Masti Khan were most TDPs UCs in the area with no intervention of WASH services by any other organizations. So these both organizations decided to fill the gap on WASH services for the TDPs. This project was based on the hard components of installation of water tanks, construction of pour flush latrines and distribution of hygiene kits with jerry cans. The soft component of the project was the delivering of hygiene session to TDPs as well as local people.

Friends Foundation with CDP made six WASH committees in the both area with the proper participation of TDPs and local community. Each WASH committee has half TDPs members and half local members. With the coordination of committee member the field staff made the assessment of TDPs in both union councils regarding water tinkering, construction of latrine and distribution of hygiene kits. After the identification, the verification of identified TDPs was made by the M & E, Field Coordinator and Project Manager. Finalized TDPs were facilitated with water tanks, latrines and hygiene kits. 86 water tanks were installed after the construction of 86 stone water pads in both councils. 50 pour flush latrines constructed in the both UCs for TDPs. Two field engineers supervised by civil work with the coordination of project engineer. 2968 hygiene kits were distributed in both UCs. Hygiene session were also delivered to local and TDPs by male and female hygiene promoters.

The major challenges in area that was regularly prevailing were the movement of TDPs from one place to another due to many reasons and security issues. The houses owned by TDPs were rented and no security was available regarding time duration of living in that specific house. At some places the verified beneficiary has to move at another place as owner of the house has evacuated the house. So with the help of committee members and actively participation of field teams the both issues were handled properly and timely. Regarding security problems the cross firing in the area occurred many times between two groups that disturbed the team and work to some extent but with the coordination of members and local community the teams were secured properly.

The major lesson learnt of the project was the security issue of water tanks. As the installation of water tanks were in open and unsecure area like road sides. So danger of theft of water tanks at night, tapes and any damages to water tanks remained during the project. Many tapes were stolen during the projects.

Practice of handing washing and usage of latrine was in good practice in the last days of the project. This was the result of proper message delivering to the communities.